ERP Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing ERP and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting or using the search box below.

  • T


    Tagetik is a software vendor of cloud-based and on-premises applications on a single platform for enterprise performance management.

  • tooling

    Tooling, also known as machine tooling, is the process of acquiring the manufacturing components and machines needed for production. 

  • traceability

    Traceability, in supply chain management, is the ability to identify, track and trace elements of a product or substance as it moves along the supply chain from raw goods to finished products. The concept applies to both the discrete manufacturing industry, which produces products such as automobiles, and to the process manufacturing industry, which includes products such as chemicals.

  • transportation management system (TMS)

    A transportation management system (TMS) is a subset of supply chain management (SCM) software focused on transport logistics. TMS systems facilitate interactions between an order management system (OMS) and the warehouse or distribution center (DC).

  • treasury management

    Treasury management is the administration of a company’s cash flow as well as the creation and governance of policies and procedures that ensure the company manages risk successfully.

  • two-tier ERP

    Two-tier ERP (enterprise resource planning) is the practice of running two ERP systems at once -- one larger system at the corporate level, and one smaller system at the plant, division, or subsidiary level.

  • U


    An upcharge is an additional fee that is added to a bill after a contract has already been negotiated.

  • V

    value driver

    A value driver is an activity or capability that adds worth to a product, service or brand. One of the key ideas in defining value drivers is determining which factors provide the organization in question with a competitive edge.

  • value stream mapping

    Value stream mapping is a Toyota lean manufacturing visualization tool for documenting all the processes that are required to bring a product to market.

  • vendor-managed inventory (VMI)

    Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) is an inventory management technique in which a supplier of goods, usually the manufacturer, is responsible for optimizing the inventory held by a distributor.

  • virtual manufacturing

    Virtual manufacturing (VM) is the use of computers to model, simulate and optimize the critical operations and entities in a factory plant.

  • voice user interface (VUI)

    Voice user interface (VUI) is speech recognition technology that allows people to interact with a computer, smartphone or other device through voice commands. Apple's Siri, Amazon's Alexa, Google's Assistant and Microsoft's Cortana are prime examples of VUIs.

  • W

    Warehouse control system (WCS)

    Warehouse control system (WCS) is a software application for orchestrating activity flow within a warehouses and distribution center.

  • warehouse management system (WMS)

    A warehouse management system (WMS) is software and processes that allow organizations to control and administer warehouse operations from the time goods or materials enter a warehouse until they move out.

  • work in progress (WIP)

    Work in progress (WIP), also called work in process, is inventory that has begun the manufacturing process and is no longer included in raw materials inventory but is not yet a completed product.